Rural women in Morocco are often illiterate and innumerate, and have few economic and educational resources. Argan oil production is exclusively a woman’s domain and the technique is passed down from mother to daughter. The growth of female-owned argan cooperatives in the region has provided rural women with opportunities to become their own agents of development. Community stability is tantamount in Moroccan rural life. Nowadays, rural families often rely on a woman’s employment in argan oil production as a stable income; this helps prevent male migration to urban areas in order to find employment.